Brother of the painter Francis Grant, James Hope Grant was born in 1808 at Kilgraston, Perthshire. As a soldier he received military recognition during the two Sikh Wars of 1845-49, the Indian Mutiny (1857) and later the 1860 attack on China. He attained the rank of General and received a knighthood. Between 1861 and 1865 he was the commander of the Army of Madras. He died in 1875. Further information is contained in his biography, Life of Sir James Hope Grant edited by Colonel H. Knollys (1894) and in edited Journals.